Basic Command of Extreme switch

Basic’s of the CLI

SYNTAX HELPER

The CLI has a built-in syntax helper. If you are unsure of the complete syntax for a particular command, enter as much of the command as possible and press [Return]. The syntax helper provides a list of options for the remainder of the command. The syntax helper also provides assistance if you have entered an incorrect command.

COMMAND COMPLETION WITH SYNTAX HELPER

ExtremeWare provides command completion by way of the [Tab] key. If you enter a partial command, pressing the [Tab] key posts a list of available options, and places the cursor at the end of the command.

ABBREVIATED SYNTAX

Abbreviated syntax is the most unambiguous, shortest allowable abbreviation of a command or parameter. Typically, this is the first three letters of the command.

When using abbreviated syntax, you must enter enough characters to make the command unambiguous and distinguishable to the switch.

COMMAND SHORTCUTS

All named components of the switch configuration must have a unique name.

Components are named using the create command. When you enter a command to configure a named component, you do not need to use the whole keyword of the component. For example, to create a VLAN, you must enter a unique VLAN name:

create vlan engineering

Once you have created the VLAN with a unique name, you can then eliminate the keyword vlan from all other commands that require the name to be entered. For example, instead of entering the switch command

config vlan engineering delete port 1:3,4:6

you could enter the following shortcut:

config engineering delete port 1:3,4:6

Similarly, on the Summit switch, instead of entering the command

config vlan engineering delete port 1-3,6

you could enter the following shortcut:

config engineering delete port 1-3,6

SUMMIT SWITCH NUMERICAL RANGES

Commands that require you to enter one or more port numbers on a Summit switch use the parameter in the syntax. A portlist can be a range of numbers, for example:

port 1-3

You can add additional port numbers to the list, separated by a comma:

port 1-3,6,8

NAMES

All named components of the switch configuration must have a unique name. Names must begin with an alphabetical character and are delimited by white space, unless enclosed in quotation marks.

Basics of the Web Browser interface

Each switch has a built in HTTP server that drives the web based GUI interface. To access the GUI interface simply open a web browser and point to the IP Address of the switch. Now the switch has an easy point and click means of configuration.

Things to do with ports on an Extreme switch

Resetting Back to Factory Configs.

To reset the switch back to factory configs, and keep the user account informantion type the command:

Unconf switch

To rest the switch back to factory configs and remove the users account information type the command:

Unconf switch all

Mirroring Ports

Port mirroring configures to the switch to copy all traffic associated with one or more ports. The monitor port can then be connected to a Sniffer or RMON probe for analysis. The traffic filter can be defined based on one of the following criteria:

Physical port – All data that traverses that port, regardless of the VLAN, is copied to the mirror port

VLAN – All data that traverses the VLAN, regardless of the physical port, is copied to the mirror port.

Virtual Post – All data specific to a VLAN on a specific port is copied to the mirror port.

Note: The port you configure to be the mirror port must be active prior to enabling it for mirroring.

The following example selects port 3 as the mirror port and sends all traffic coming into out of port 1 to the mirror port

enable mirroring to port 3

config mirroring add port 1

The following example sends all traffic for the Default VLAN to the mirror port

config mirroring add vlan default

The following example sends all traffic coming into and out of port 1 and the Default VLAN to the mirror port.

config mirroring add port 1 vlan default

To disable mirroring:
Disable mirroring

Naming Ports

You can name switch ports in order to keep track of what is plugged in to them, or for personal records.

To name a port type the command:

Config port display-string

To reset port name type:

unconfig port display-string

Setting Speed and Duplex on a port

To set a port for 100Meg full duplex type the command:
Config port auto off duplex full speed 100

To set a port for 10Meg Half duplex type the command:
Config port auto off duplex half speed 10

To reset the port able to auto negotiation type the command:
Config port auto on

Looking at Port Errors

Note: If you want to look at all ports, simply leave out the port number and the switch will display all ports. Also you can specify port groups. (i.e. port 1-19, 20,34,46, etc)

Show port collision

Show port configuration

Show port info detail

Show port packet

Show port rxerror

Show port stat

Show port txerror

Show port util (use the space bar to scroll through different utilization screens)

Configuring VLANS on an Extreme Switch

With all switches from Extreme Networks there is no need to create a “router interface” in order to use VLANS. Since every port can be a router and the routing mechanism is built into the switch fabric, VLAN configuration has become incredibly easy. When the switch is first started up our of the box, there is a single VLAN called “Default” (VLAN 1) and contains all ports on the switch. If you desire to add ports to other VLANS, you must first delete the port out of the VLAN they are in. (for security purposes).

VLAN Basics

Creating a VLAN

Type the command:

Create vlan Note: the name can be any unique name the user desires.

Giving the VLAN an IP Address

Type the command:

Config vlan ip x.x.x.x /xx Note: The network mask can be either “slash notation” or “dotted decimel”, (i.e. /24 or 255.255.255.0)

Adding ports to that VLAN

Type the command:

Config vlan add port n Note: You can also add multiple ports by using commas or dashes. (i.e. port 1-48 or 1,2,8,10 or 1-10,5-20)

Deleting ports out of a VLAN

Type the command:
Config vlan delete port n

Assigning tags and designating Trunk (uplink) ports

Be default when you add ports to a VLAN, they are added untagged. Most user ports will be untagged. The reason for adding tags to ports is to allow multiple VLAN traffic to traverse those ports, as with trunk ports. Trunk ports (or Uplinks) can contain several thousand VLANS on a single link. This is useful if you have more than one VLAN at an edge switch. In order to have more than one VLAN on a uplink you will need to add an 802.1q tag to port. Please be aware that Cisco’s VLAN numbers should be the same as a standard 802.1q tag number. (I.e. if you want to trunk a Cisco switch using Vlan500 and Vlan600 to another standards based switch, the VLAN tags should match up. Tag 500 and Tag 600 should be on that trunk)

Adding a 802.1q tag to a VLAN

Type the command:

Config vlan add tag Note: this number can be any number between 2 and 4096.

Making a port a “trunk” port

Type the command:
Config vlan add port n tagged

How to load share ports (aka Fast Etherchannel)

To define a load sharing group, you assign a group of ports to a single logical port number.

To enable or disable loadsharing use the following commands.

Enable sharing grouping

To disable sharing:
Disable sharing

For example
Enable sharing 2 grouping 2-8

Routing on an Extreme Networks switch

Every switch from Extreme is a layer 3 switch. To enable routing, obviously you need more than 1 VLAN with an IP address on the switch. Once you have your desired number of VLANS created, with their own unique IP address, you issue a single command to enable routing.

How to turn on routing

Type the command:

Enable ipforwarding

Note: you can also turn on or off routing for any single vlan on the switch.

(i.e. enable ipforwarding vlan or disable ipforwarding vlan )

You are now routing between VLANS.

Routing Protocols (getting routing to work with other switches)

All Extreme Networks switches support static routes, Rip v1/v2, OSPF, BGP and IS-IS. Just like any router you must use a routing protocol in order for routers/switches to share routing information.

Turning on OSPF

Type the command:

config ospf add vlan area 0.0.0.0

This adds each VLAN to the OSPF Area 0

You can also add all the VLANS by typing the command:

Config ospf add vlan all area 0.0.0.0

Now you enable OSPF by typing:

Enable OSPF

You now have OSPF running on your switch.

The following is a sample configuration:

create vlan HQ_10_0_2

create vlan HQ_10_0_3

create vlan LA_161_48_2

create vlan Chi_160_26_26

config vlan HQ_10_0_2 ipaddress 10.0.2.1 255.255.255.0

config vlan HQ_10_0_3 ipaddress 10.0.3.1 255.255.255.0

config vlan LA_161_48_26 ipaddress 161.48.2.26 255.255.255.0

config vlan Chi_160_26_26 ipaddress 160.26.2.1 255.255.255.0

create ospf area 0.0.0.5

create ospf area 0.0.0.6

enable ipforwarding

config ospf area 0.0.0.6 stub nosummary stub-default-cost 10

config ospf add vlan LA_161_48_2 area 0.0.0.6

config ospf add vlan Chi_160_26_26 area 0.0.0.5

config ospf add virtual-link 160.26.25.1 0.0.0.5

config ospf add vlan all

enable ospf

About these ads

Tags: ,

4 Responses to “Basic Command of Extreme switch”

  1. Robert Reichel Says:

    Thanks for the info. Being a Cisco guy, I am used to doing more stuff at the port level. Thanks for clearing up how to setup a trunked interface.

  2. hemanth Says:

    thanq

  3. Muthusamy Says:

    Thank you… Very useful one….

  4. Robin Says:

    This is Good but want some more show commands…

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

%d bloggers like this: